State Budget

Budget Process and Documents

Massachusetts government is funded on a fiscal year basis. The fiscal year runs from July 1 through June 30 of the following calendar year.  To view documents through the budget development process, visit: https://malegislature.gov/Budget/FY2019/HouseDebate

Overview of the budget process

Budget documents Budget-writing steps
Governor’s Budget The budget begins as a bill that the Governor submits on the 4th Wednesday in January (or five weeks later if at the start of a new term) to the House of Representatives.
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House Ways & Means Budget The House Ways and Means Committee reviews the Governor’s budget and then develops its own recommendation.
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House Budget Individual representatives submit budget amendments which are then debated on the House floor. Once debated, amended and voted on by the full House, it becomes the final House budget bill and moves to the Senate.
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Senate Ways & Means Budget
In Progress
The Senate Ways & Means Committee reviews both the Governor’s and House budgets and develops its own recommendation.
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Senate Budget Individual representatives submit budget amendments which are then debated on the Senate floor. Once debated, amended and voted on, it becomes the final Senate’s budget bill.
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H.1 Revised State Finance law requires the Governor to submit budget revisions to his proposed budget if revenue forecasts predict a shortfall after the original submission.
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Conference Committee Budget House and Senate leadership assign members to a “conference committee” to negotiate the differences between the House and Senate bills. The conference committee report can only be approved or rejected – no additional amendments can be made.
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Vetoes Once approved by both chambers of the Legislature, the Governor has ten days to review it. The Governor may approve or veto the entire budget, or may veto or reduce particular line items or sections, but may not add anything.
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Overrides The House and Senate may vote to override the Governor’s vetoes. Overrides require a two-thirds roll-call vote in each chamber.
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Final Budget The final budget is also known as the General Appropriations Act (GAA) or “Chapter xxx of the Acts of 2016.”